Understanding latest exam pattern will help you stay focused on most important topics.
General Intelligence & Reasoning
Reasoning is considered to be high scoring and easy section. A person with good logical reasoning skills can score 40-45 marks easily in 30-35 minutes. Analogy, Classification, Series, Figure problems, Arithmetical Operations are most important topics that should be kept on high focus to score good marks. Practicing more and more is the key to crack this section.
According to the last five years trend Analogy, Classification, Series, Arithmetic Operations are few topics which are showing the highest number of questions in the exam. Working appropriately around these topics will help in increasing the score. Questions from Venn Diagram, Syllogism & coding-decoding can also prove to be add-ons in your scores.
There are various good book which could help in preparation of SCC- CGL. NCERT books from Class 8 to 10 are the best to revise the concepts. In case you think you know most of the topics, but need to practice a lot of problems, then you need – Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations by R.S. Aggarwal. It is the best book in this category. Also you can try Arihant’s Fast Track Objective Arithmetic which is equally good at reasonable price.
In terms of book recommendation, your best bet would be – Magical Book On Quicker Maths by M. Tyra. This book covers the basics, and also covers two ways of solving a problem – normal method and short cut method.
How to Prepare
Create a Priority List: You need a list. As we have provided both previous years and this years data on the number of questions and types of questions asked in Reasoning Section, you can make a list of the crucial topics and start solving questions based on those.
2. Initially, Concentrate on Concepts: Yes, speed plays an extremely important role in SSC CGL Examination. But what if you are new to the concept altogether? You need to understand the basics first. Speed and Accuracy gets built over time and you need to practice a lot first.
3. Quantitative Topics in Reasoning and General Intelligence: There are a few topics, like Alphabet, Dictionary, Coding & Decoding, Analogy, Classification/Odd Pair, Rule Detection and Series which employ concepts of Quantitative Aptitude. These questions are highly competitive and require a good amount of practice to solve. Hence, you need to allot a little extra time to these questions.
4. Enhance your Vocabulary: Questions based on Reasoning and General Intelligence are known to be quite manipulative and confusing in terms of language. To understand the questions better, you need to work on building your vocabulary too. This will also help in the English Section of SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam.
5. Special Attention towards Coding Decoding Questions: Yes, you need to work extra for Coding Decoding Questions. The number of questions from this topic just keeps on climbing every year and you can easily crack these questions, provided you have practised them enough.
6. Previous Years Questions Papers: This pointer goes without saying. You cannot secure a good score in this years’ SSC CGL Examination if you are not familiar with the level of questions asked in last years exam. Hence, try solving those questions first and then go for mock tests and practice papers for SSC CGL 2016.
7. Analyse your Performance Regularly: All your efforts, preparation and study tips will amount to nothing if you haven’t revised them regularly. Analysing and examining your performance helps you know which areas you need to work upon. Hence, make sure you mark your level of preparation in a performance sheet and understand how much effort you need to put in further.
SSC CGL General Awareness section is the trickiest of all sections. This section questions can be broadly categorized under three headings Science, Social Studies & Current Affairs. If we go by the past five years pattern, approximately, science and social studies each account for 40% of the questions. Current affairs fill the remaining portion. The main problem in preparing general awareness is that the syllabus is very poorly defined.
Last five year trends show that if you can focus & get a hold on social studies & science subjects’ u can score qualifying marks. And if you will keep yourself updated with current happening & General knowledge, will add cherry to the cake.
In SSC CGL 2016, there will be 50 questions on 1 mark each and various topics can be from the following.
1. Indian History
2. Indian Polity
4. Indian Economy
5. Science (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
General Science– There are almost 5-6 questions from each topic mentioned above except the miscellaneous section. Among all the topics, General Science is expected to have 10-15 questions, with Biology being central.
History – Understanding Indian History Topics is very important for the examination. In SSC exam, History means Indian History only. So don’t waste time preparing World History.
Geography – There are two parts of Geography from where the questions are asked, these are – Indian Geography and Physical Geography. For covering basics, NCERT Books of Class XI and XII will be sufficient.
Polity – Again, Read NCERT Books of Class VIII to X for Polity, as it will cover most of the topics asked under the banner of Polity.
There are various good books which you could use for Preparation of General Awareness:
Polity: The most important book on this topic is Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth
Geography: NCERT Textbooks for Social Science Class 7 to 10 and for Geography Class 11, 12.
Economy: Mostly straightforward questions are asked. e.g. Definition and concepts of Economy. NCERT’s Economy book of Class 11 (India’s Economy & Development) is a good read for basic idea of Indian Economy.
Science: NCERT textbooks of Science from class 6 to 10 are the best source.
Miscellaneous: Lucent’s GK book is more than sufficient to tackle the miscellaneous topics.
History: Lucent’s GK book is also good for this section. Questions on Culture can also be easily solved by reading Lucent’s GK books.
How to Prepare General Awareness Section :
Quantative Aptitude section tests your capability to do fast and accurate calculations. In this section the majority of questions are from Data Interpretation, Geometry, Trigonometry, Arithmetic & Algebra. It also requires presence of good logic and remembering some formulas. Practicing a lot of questions and applying relevant formulas is the key to score good marks in QA.
Time and Work, Time and Distance, Data interpretation, CI, and SI are the most important chapters that are constantly being asked since the last two to three years. These chapters are immensely scoring. Therefore, more practice in these chapters can help you to increase your score.
Here are a few Suggested Books for SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam Preparation
Quantitative Aptitude for competitive exams: R. S. Aggarwal
Quantitative Aptitude for All competitive exams: Abhijit Guha
SSC Quantitative Aptitude Book
Bank PO Quantitative Aptitude book for all competitive exams
Mathematics XI & XII (Basic Textbooks) by R.D. Sharma
The Pearson Guide to Quantitative Aptitude and Data Interpretation for the CAT by Nishit Sinha
Success in quantitative aptitude comes 20% from knowledge and 80% practice. It is not sufficient to know the formula of the concept. If you have not practiced enough you will make simple mistakes and take more time to solve the problem. In fact, many a time it also happens that people know the formula perfectly, but don’t have any idea of how to use it. For doing fast calculations, you should remember tables, square, cubes and square roots.
Memorize all the basic theories and formulas of all the chapters. If your basics are not clear, you may not be able to solve questions.
Maintain a plan for each day to practice topics. Try to devote at least three hours for Quant practice on daily basis.
Once you are done with basics, practice as much as you can with sample questions of previous years.
English Comprehension is easy and more predictable section. The level of questions asked in the exam (syllabus-wise and difficulty-wise) is not more than 10th standard level. Topics like Comprehension, Sentence Improvement, One word substitution & common Errors covers the majority of questions. Preparing them thoroughly can help you score high in this section.
English Language is the most predictable section in SSC CGL exam. The number of questions from each topic and their difficulty level has remained same over the years. Error Correction, Fill in the Blanks, Correct Spelling Detection, Idioms & Phrases, One word substitution, Comprehension Passage, Antonyms & Synonyms etc are the major topics for English Section.
There are direct questions on synonyms, antonyms, idioms and phrases and One word substitutions. You need a good vocabulary for cracking passage questions and Fill in the blank type questions. Learn at least 10 new English words daily. Note down the Meaning and example of each word you find unfamiliar or difficult to remember. This is the best way to cover Synonyms and Antonyms. Grammar plays a very important role in sentence correction and sentence improvement. Superficial knowledge of grammar is not enough. In depth knowledge is required. Grammar relies on a set on rules which you need to understand and learn and then practice maximum questions to have a proper command on the rules. Idioms should be attempted by eliminating other options. Basic sense of correctness can help a lot in this section. Comprehensions are generally very easy but need serious practice as 10 questions comes from this section.
Previous year’s question papers are a must to practice right now. This will help you understand the type and style of questions asked. You will be able to prepare better keeping in mind the questions that have been asked before. This is also a great way to practice for the real exam.
Suggested Books for General English Section:
Word Power made easy by Norman Lewis.
Objective General English by SP Bakshi.
Reading Comprehension by Ajay Singh.
Mirror of Common Error – Dr. Ashok Kumar Singh